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Basically, India has over 250 million school going students, more than any other country and it also has one of the largest networks of higher education institutions around the globe. The number of colleges and universities in India reached 39,931 and 993 in FY19. So, India had 37.4 million students enrolled in higher education in 2018-19. Also, the Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education reached 26.3 percent in FY19 accordingly. Also, The Central Government plans to disburse US$ 1 billion to states for introducing skill development initiatives efficiently. So, Skill India Mission 2015 is aimed at skilling 400 million Indian youths by 2022. As of January 2020, there were 14,602 Industrial Training Institutes in India. Besides, the Skill India program has benefitted more than 10 million youth yearly. Thus, Under Union Budget 2019-20, the Government provided Rs 400 crore for ‘World Class Institutions’. 56 institutes were represented from India, in the Times Higher Education (THE) Emerging Economies University Rankings 2020 efficiently. Moreover, the Education sector in India remains to be a strategic priority for the Government as such. Though, The Government has allowed 100 percent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the education sector through the automatic route since 2002. So, the total FDI inflow in India’s education sector stood at US$ 3.24 billion between April 2000 to March 2020, according to the data released by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT). Therefore, the Venture capital in the ed-tech space increased to US$ 795 million, in the first six months of 2020 from US$ 108 million in the corresponding period last annum.
Additionally, The Cabinet chaired by honorable Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra Modi approved the National Education Policy 2020. So, making way for large-scale, transformational reforms in both school and higher education sectors. The policy is built on foundational pillars of Access, Equity, and Quality as well as Affordability and Accountability and also is aligned with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. So, according to Union Budget 2020-21, the Government has allocated Rs 59,845 crore (US$ 8.56 billion) to the Department of School Education and Literacy altogether. Thus, Revitalizing Infrastructure and Systems in Education (RISE) by 2022 was announced in Union Budget 2020-21 at an outlay of Rs 3,000 crore, US$ 429.55 million as a whole. Also, In May 2020, the Government launched PM eVIDYA, a Programme for multi-mode access to digital/online education system. So, Other initiatives to be launched include Manodarpan that is New National Curriculum and Pedagogical framework, National Foundational Literacy, and Numeracy Mission respectively.
Therefore, there are several issues that the Indian education system is grappled with and We cannot deny the fact that the Indian government and institutions have been working to reform the existing education model system. So, there are still several issues which are required to be taken care of are these, 7 immediate changes needed in the Indian education system as follows:--
India has progressed with time, though we still have not been able to move away from rote learning. So, While we know that IB schools are changing the education system at their level and we also need to understand that the population that goes to IB schools is very limited in nature as well and Not everyone can afford the education system that they offer altogether. Now, the government needs to take the baton in their hands and eradicate rote learning from the schools at all levels efficiently. Besides, the schools must be encouraged to introduce conceptual learning which avoids students to mug up what they are being taught and also, while this will help students to understand the concepts better. So, they will also be able to retain and apply them better effectively.
The Evaluation system
The Marks still continue to play the most important card in deciding the future of children and this often comes down upon students as a burdening factor along with it. So, the pressure of marks often makes students underperform but Instead of focusing the evaluation on a three-hour exam, it should focus on evaluation should be classroom participation by a student, projects, and communication as well as leadership skills and extra-curricular activities as well.
Giving Equal respect to all the subjects
Mostly, we continue to survive in the education system where the science stream topples the stream hierarchy as such. So, Students are pushed to become a machine which only goes for high-profile subjects, and subjects like languages, communications, arts are looked down upon and are not considered high-profile altogether. Thus, Students should rather be pushed to pursue the subject that they like instead of creating a differentiation between subjects also.
Better training of educators
Basically, Teachers play the most important role in schools and so, they should be given the best of class training altogether. So, After all, they are shaping the future of the nation, the Students. Teachers are often considered as second parents as well. Therefore, they should be imparted their training in a way that they can act as parents to the children away from their homes and families. Additionally, while teaching, they should create a congenial and home-like atmosphere where students can feel empathy and love in the classroom and also, which can then be reflected in their behaviors as well.
Introduction of technology
As we all know we have incepted in the era of the fourth industrial revolution and also, we are living the renaissance of technology and in such a state, technology and education system cannot be kept apart as such. So, the Students must be taught about technology right from the early years of their education as that it does not come like an alien thing in their later times as a whole. Thus, Indian schools must embrace technology and education with an open heart and propagate the same to the students as it is there, where their future lies actually.
Usually, Indian education needs to realize that the absorption power of every student cannot be the same and moreover, the teaching method also cannot remain the same for every student in a class of 30. So, Some students have a faster learning pace and some are slow actually. Now, Teachers must have a keen eye on observing each of their students altogether.
Teach the purpose of education
As we know, Our education system is still having the features that colonial educators inbuilt. So, Education is not always about becoming a big, rich person. Besides, It should be about humanism. Thus, Students must also be taught in-depth about the morals of life and inculcated with humanistic values. So, They should be taught that life is much beyond money, and success is not measured in money solely. Therefore, If the Indian education system starts taking these points into serious considerations, then we can attain the level of the best education system in the world and It is high that we as a country that starts taking education above the mediocre level, that we have been engrained with and perceive education from the holistic approach efficiently.