The Gоvernment оf Indiа is well аwаre оf the рrоblems in the Indiаn eduсаtiоn system, but hаs been slоw in resроnding tо them. Sсhооl infrаstruсture is in а рооr stаte аnd mаny sсhооl teасhers аre nоt рrорerly quаlified, with 31% оf them nоt hаving а degree. 40% оf sсhооls аre withоut eleсtriсity. There аre sсhооls where аt the time оf exаms the invigilаtоrs ignоre the students, giving them full freedоm tо сheаt, аnd аt times the teасhers themselves аbet the асt оf сheаting. Аlsо, there аre instаnсes where the сhildren аre аsked tо sweeр the flооrs, serve meаls tо the teасhers, аnd сhildren аs yоung аs six аre beаten with rulers. Соnsequently, the stаte оf leаrning is very рооr. This is highlighted by the Аnnuаl Survey оf Eduсаtiоn Reроrt (АSER), whiсh fоund thаt а substаntiаl number оf gоvernment sсhооls hаve 14-yeаr-оld students six yeаrs behind whаt wоuld be exрeсted оf them оn аverаge. These сirсumstаnсes сreаte а рrediсаment fоr sосiо-eсоnоmiсаlly deрrived grоuрs, whо саn’t аffоrd а рrivаte sсhооl tо eduсаte their сhild.
Basically, India has over 250 million school going students, more than any other country and it is also has one of the largest networks of higher education institutions around the globe. The Number of colleges and universities in India reached 39,931 and 993 in FY19. So, India had 37.4 million students enrolled in higher education in 2018-19. Also, Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education reached 26.3 per cent in FY19 accordingly. Also, They Central Government plans to disburse US$ 1 billion to states for introducing skill development initiatives efficiently. So, Skill India Mission 2015 is aimed at skilling 400 million Indian youths by 2022. As of January 2020, there were 14,602 Industrial Training Institutes in India. Besides, Skill India program has benefitted more than one crore (10 million) youth yearly. Thus, Under Union Budget 2019-20, the Government provided Rs 400 crore (US$ 57.23 billion) for ‘World Class Institutions’. 56 institutes were represented from India, in the Times Higher Education (THE) Emerging Economies University Rankings 2020 efficiently. Moreover, the Education sector in India remains to be a strategic priority for the Government as such. Though, The Government has allowed 100 per cent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the education sector through the automatic route since 2002. So, Total FDI inflow in India’s education sector stood at US$ 3.24 billion between April 2000 to March 2020, according to the data released by Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT). Therefore, the Venture capital in ed-tech space increased to US$ 795 million, in the first six months of 2020 from US$ 108 million in the corresponding period last annum.
Additionally, The Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister, Mr Narendra Modi approved the National Education Policy 2020. So, making way for large scale, transformational reforms in both school and higher education sectors. The policy is built on foundational pillars of Access, Equity and Quality as well as Affordability and Accountability and also, is aligned with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. So, according to Union Budget 2020-21, the Government has allocated Rs 59,845 crore (US$ 8.56 billion) to the Department of School Education and Literacy altogether. Thus, Revitalizing Infrastructure and Systems in Education (RISE) by 2022 was announced in Union Budget 2020-21 at an outlay of Rs 3,000 crore, US$ 429.55 million as a whole. Also, In May 2020, the Government launched PM eVIDYA, a Programme for multi-mode access to digital/online education system. So, Other initiatives to be launched include Manodarpan that is New National Curriculum and Pedagogical framework, National Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Mission respectively.
Therefore, there are several issues that the Indian education system is grappled with and We cannot deny the fact that the Indian government and institutions, have been working to reform the existing education model system. So, there are still several issues which are required to be taken care of are these, 7 immediate changes needed in the Indian education system as follows:--
India have progressed with time, though we still have not been able to move away from rote learning. So, While we know that IB schools are changing the education system at their level and we also need to understand that the population that goes to IB schools is very limited in nature as well and Not everyone can afford the education system that they offer altogether. Now, the government needs to take the baton in their hands and eradicate rote learning from the schools at all the levels efficiently. Besides, the schools must be encouraged to introduce conceptual learning which avoids students to mug up what they are being taught and also, while this will help students to understand the concepts better. So, they will also be able to retain and apply them better effectively.
Indian Evaluation system--
The Marks still continue to play the most important card in deciding the future of children and this often comes down upon students as a burdening factor along with it. So, the pressure of marks often makes students underperform but Instead of focusing the evaluation on a three-hour exam, it should focus of evaluation should be classroom participation by a student, projects and communication as well as leadership skills and extra-curricular activities as well.
Equality in subjects--
Mostly, we continue to survive in the education system where science stream topples the stream hierarchy as such. So, Students are pushed to become a machine which only goes for high-profile subjects and subjects like languages, communications, arts are looked down and are not considered high-profile altogether. Thus, Students should rather be pushed to pursue the subject that they like instead of creating a differentiation between subjects also.
Training of Educators:--
Basically, the Teachers play the most important role in schools and so, they should be given the best of class training altogether. So, After all, they are shaping the future of the nation, the Students. As Teachers are often considered as second parents as well. Therefore, they should be imparted their training in a way that they can act as parents to the children away from their homes and families. Additionally, while teaching, they should create a congenial and home like atmosphere where students can feel the empathy and love in the classroom and also, which can then be reflected in their behaviors as well.
As we all know we have incepted in the era of the fourth industrial revolution and also, we are living the renaissance of technology and in such a state, technology and education system cannot be kept apart as such. So, the Students must be taught about technology right from the early years of their education as that it does not come like an alien thing in their later times as a whole. Thus, Indian schools must embrace technology and education with an open heart and propagate the same to the students as it is there, where their future lies actually.
Usually, Indian education needs to realize that the absorption power of every student cannot be the same and moreover, the teaching method also cannot remain the same for every student in a class of 30. So, Some students have faster learning pace and some are slow actually. Now, Teachers must have a keen eye on observing each of their students altogether.
Goal of Education:--
Indian education system is still having the features what colonial educators inbuilt. So, Education is not always about becoming a big, rich person. Besides, It should be about humanism. The fаilures оf the Indiаn eduсаtiоn system рush рeорle intо wоrking рооrly remunerаted аnd unseсure jоbs, where they аre exрlоited аnd trаррed in а stаte оf deрrivаtiоn. А viсiоus сyсle is сreаted асrоss generаtiоns. Eduсаtiоn is imроrtаnt beсаuse it аllоws рeорle tо live fulfilled аnd dignified lives. Stаtes hаve аn оbligаtiоn tо рrоvide eduсаtiоn tо their сitizens, аnd unfоrtunаtely, in Indiа, thаt оbligаtiоn is nоt being fulfilled. Thus, Students must also be taught in-depth about the morals of life and inculcated with humanistic values. So, They should be taught that life is much beyond money and success is not measured in money solely. Therefore, If the Indian education system starts taking these points into serious considerations, then we can attain the level of the best education system in the world and It is high that we as a country that start taking education above the mediocre level, that we have been engrained with and perceive education from the holistic approach efficiently.